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    Master For and While Loops in Python to Create a Hangman Game

    Create your own Hangman Game in Python

    You will learn how to loop over a Python list. Further, you will learn the power of a While loop. Finally, you will create a Hangman Game.

    In this tutorial, you will:

    • Looping Over a Python List: Learn how to iterate over elements in a list using different loop constructs in Python.
    • Unleash the Power of While Loops: Understand the versatility of While loops and their ability to execute code repeatedly until a certain condition is met.
    • Create a Hangman Game: Apply your newfound knowledge of loops to develop a Hangman game, where you guess letters to reveal a hidden word.

    By the end of the tutorial, you will have a strong grasp of iterating over lists, utilizing While loops effectively, and implementing a fun and interactive Hangman game. This hands-on experience will enhance your understanding of loops and equip you with practical programming skills.

    Watch tutorial

    Step 1: Loop over a list or sequence

    Looping over a list can be done as follows (see more about lists here).

    my_list = ['First', 'Second', 'Third']
    for item in my_list:

    This can also be done over a string, which is a sequence.

    s = "Rune"
    for c in s:
        print("Inside loop")
    print("Outside the loop")

    Where we notice the syntax of how the indentation works. What is inside and outside the loop?

    Step 2: While loops and how they differ

    Notice that for-loops in Python loop over a predetermined length. In the above cases, the length of the list or the length of the string.

    If you want a loop that is dependent on something inside the loop.

    What do I mean? Let’s take an example.

    value = 10
    while value > 0:
        value = int(input("Value? "))

    As you see – this loop is dependent on input in the loop. If you type zero or a negative value, it will stop.

    Step 3: Description of the Hangman Game

    A description of the Hangman Game (see wiki for further details)

    • The game is as follows.
    • Computer has a list of words.
    • Computer chooses a random word from the list.
    • The player gets 10 wrong guesses (10 turns).
    • The game follows this loop
      • Computer prints the word character by character replacing with underscore those not guessed yet (initially no characters have been guessed).
      • Player guesses a character.
      • If a character is not in words, a turn is withdrawn
      • If no one turns left, the computer wins.
      • If Player has guessed all characters, Player wins

    Step 4: Implementing the Hangman Game

    Let’s try to implement the Hangman Game

    import random
    words = ['father', 'enterprise', 'science', 'programming', 'resistance', 'fiction', 'condition', 'reverse', 'computer', 'python']
    word = random.choice(words)
    turns = 10
    guesses = ''
    while turns > 0:
        print(f"Turns left: {turns}")
        guessed_all = True
        for c in word:
            if c in guesses:
                print(c, end=' ')
                print('_', end=' ')
                guessed_all = False
        if guessed_all:
            print("You won")
        guess = input("Guess a character: ")
        if guess in word:
            guesses += guess
            turns -= 1
        print("You lost")

    Step 5: Want more?

    In the next lesson you will make a Simple Implementation of Caesar Cipher in Python.

    If this is something you like and you want to get started with Python, then this is part of an 8 hours FREE video course with full explanations, projects on each level, and guided solutions.

    The course is structured with the following resources to improve your learning experience.

    • 17 video lessons teaching you everything you need to know to get started with Python.
    • 34 Jupyter Notebooks with lesson code and projects.
    • A FREE eBook to support your Python learning.

    See the full FREE course page here.

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