## What will we cover in this tutorial?

We will have some data in a Pandas DataFrame, which we want to export to an Excel sheet. Then we want to create a Scatter plot graph and fit that to a Excel trendline.

## Step 1: Get the data

You might have some data already that you want to use. It can be from a HTML page (example) or CSV file.

For this purpose here we just generate some random data to use. We will use NumPy’s uniform function to generate it.

```
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
# Generate some random increasing data
data = pd.DataFrame(
{'A': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)],
'B': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)]}
)
print(data)
```

Which will generate some slightly increasing data, which is nice to fit a graph to.

The output could look something like this.

```
A B
0 0.039515 0.778077
1 0.451888 0.210705
2 0.992493 0.961428
3 0.317536 1.046444
4 1.220419 1.388086
```

## Step 2: Create an Excel XlsxWriter engine

This step might require that you install the **XlsxWriter** library, which is needed from the Pandas library.

This can be done by the following command.

```
pip install xlsxwriter
```

Now we can create the engine in our code.

```
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
# Generate some random increasing data
data = pd.DataFrame(
{'A': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)],
'B': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)]}
)
# Create a Pandas Excel writer using XlsxWriter
excel_file = 'output.xlsx'
sheet_name = 'Data set'
writer = pd.ExcelWriter(excel_file, engine='xlsxwriter')
```

This will setup a Excel writer engine and be ready to write to file **output.xlsx**.

## Step 3: Write the data to Excel and create a scatter graph with a fitted Trendline

This can be done by the following code, which uses the **add_series** function to insert a graph.

```
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
# Generate some random increasing data
data = pd.DataFrame(
{'A': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)],
'B': [np.random.uniform(0.1*i, 0.1*i + 1) for i in range(100)]}
)
# Create a Pandas Excel writer using XlsxWriter
excel_file = 'output.xlsx'
sheet_name = 'Data set'
writer = pd.ExcelWriter(excel_file, engine='xlsxwriter')
data.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet_name)
# Access the XlsxWriter workbook and worksheet objects from the dataframe.
workbook = writer.book
worksheet = writer.sheets[sheet_name]
# Create a scatter chart object.
chart = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'scatter'})
# Get the number of rows and column index
max_row = len(data)
col_x = data.columns.get_loc('A') + 1
col_y = data.columns.get_loc('B') + 1
# Create the scatter plot, use a trendline to fit it
chart.add_series({
'name': "Samples",
'categories': [sheet_name, 1, col_x, max_row, col_x],
'values': [sheet_name, 1, col_y, max_row, col_y],
'marker': {'type': 'circle', 'size': 4},
'trendline': {'type': 'linear'},
})
# Set name on axis
chart.set_x_axis({'name': 'Concentration'})
chart.set_y_axis({'name': 'Measured',
'major_gridlines': {'visible': False}})
# Insert the chart into the worksheet in field D2
worksheet.insert_chart('D2', chart)
# Close and save the Excel file
writer.save()
```

## Result

The result should be similar to this.

That is how it can be done.

## Python Circle

Do you know what the 5 key success factors every programmer must have?

How is it possible that some people become programmer so fast?

While others struggle for years and still fail.

Not only do they learn python 10 times faster they solve complex problems with ease.

What separates them from the rest?

I identified these 5 success factors that every programmer must have to succeed:

**Collaboration**: sharing your work with others and receiving help with any questions or challenges you may have.**Networking**: the ability to connect with the right people and leverage their knowledge, experience, and resources.**Support**: receive feedback on your work and ask questions without feeling intimidated or judged.**Accountability**: stay motivated and accountable to your learning goals by surrounding yourself with others who are also committed to learning Python.**Feedback from the instructor**: receiving feedback and support from an instructor with years of experience in the field.

I know how important these success factors are for growth and progress in mastering Python.

That is why I want to make them available to anyone struggling to learn or who just wants to improve faster.

With the **Python Circle community**, you can take advantage of 5 key success factors every programmer must have.

Be part of something bigger and join the Python Circle community.